The changes of gut microbiota associated with age and lifestyle

  • Authors: Egshatyan L.V.1, Tkacheva O.N.1, Kafarskaya L.I.2, Shkoporov A.N.2, Tyakht A.V.3
  • Affiliations:
    1. Federal State Institution «National Research Center for Preventive Medicine» of the Ministry Healthcare of the Russian Federation
    2. The Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov
    3. Federal Medical & Biological Agency SRI of Physical-Chemical Medicine
  • Issue: Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
  • Pages: 3-9
  • Section: Review
  • URL: https://omet-endojournals.ru/omet/article/view/6679
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.14341/omet201523-9
  • Cite item

Abstract


In this review are discussed experimental and clinical data about the role of gut microbiota and its changes associated with age and lifestyle. The large intestinal microbiota plays an important role in normal bowel function and the maintenance of host health through the formation of short chain fatty acids, modulation of immune system reactivity, and development of colonization resistance. The intestinal microflora is a peculiar indicator of the condition of a microorganism reacting to age, physiological, dietary, and geographical factors from change of qualitative and quantitative structure. Studies have demonstrated that obesity and metabolic syndrome may be associated with profound microbiotal changes. Changes
in gut microbiota control metabolic endotoxemia - induced chronic inflammation,
oxidative stress, and metabolic disorder which are connected with the increased
risk of development of cardiovascular diseases and pathology associated with
age, which leads to accelerated aging. It is obvious that maintenance of a homeostasis and a normal metabolism is impossible without restoration of a variety of normal associations of intestinal microorganisms.


Lilit Vanikovna Egshatyan

Federal State Institution «National Research Center for Preventive Medicine» of the Ministry Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: lilityegh@rambler.ru

Russian Federation PhD, researcher at the Department of studying the aging process and prevention of age-associated diseases

Olga Nikolaevna Tkacheva

Federal State Institution «National Research Center for Preventive Medicine» of the Ministry Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: lilityegh@rambler.ru

Russian Federation MD, Ph.D. Deputy Director for Research and Clinical Work

Lyudmila Ivanovna Kafarskaya

The Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov

Email: lilityegh@rambler.ru

Russian Federation MD, Ph.D., Professor, Head of the Microbiology and Virology Department

Andrey Nikolaevich Shkoporov

The Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov

Email: lilityegh@rambler.ru

Russian Federation Ph.D., Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Biosafety

Aleksandr Viktorovich Tyakht

Federal Medical & Biological Agency SRI of Physical-Chemical Medicine

Email: lilityegh@rambler.ru

Russian Federation Junior Researcher at the Laboratory of Bioinformatics

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